Electric Cars and SUVs
C
urrently there are 23 electric vehicles sold in USA. All are in the below table. In terms of fuel efficiency, Hyundai Ioniq Electric is the leader, followed by Tesla Model 3 and Hyundai Kona Electric (coming as MY 2019). At the moment there is a shortage of Ioniq Electric and due to battery shortages. All the vehicles here get very good fuel efficiency compared to their fossil fuel burning counterparts.

Hyundai Ioniq Electric, Tesla Model 3 and Hyundai Kona Electric.

Combined MPG
City MPG
Highway MPG
Range (miles)
Hyundai Ioniq Electric
136
150
122
124
Tesla Model 3 Long Range
130
136
123
310
Hyundai Kona Electric
120
132
108
258
Chevrolet Bolt EV
119
128
110
238
Volkswagen e-Golf
119
126
111
125
BMW i3
118
129
106
114
Tesla Model 3 Long Range AWD
116
120
112
310
Honda Clarity EV
114
126
103
89
BMW i3s
112
125
99
107
Nissan Leaf EV
112
125
100
151
Fiat 500e
112
121
103
84
Smart for two electric drive coupe
108
124
94
58
Kia Soul Electric
108
124
93
111
Ford Focus Electric
107
118
96
115
Tesla Model S 75D
103
102
105
259
Smart for two electric drive convertible
102
112
91
57
Tesla Model S 100D
102
101
102
335
Tesla Model S 75kWh
98
97
100
249
Tesla Model S P100D
98
92
105
315
Tesla Model X 75D
93
91
95
238
Tesla Model X 100D
87
86
89
295
Tesla Model X P100D
85
83
89
289
BYD e6
72
73
71
187

* All mpg figures are MPGe; miles per gallon equivalent calculated by EPA.
Electric Vehicles Technology
Electric vehicles are propelled by one or more electric motors. A rechargeable battery is the power source. The battery is charged at the charger stations that are publicly available or installed at homes. But there are hurdles to overcome. Firstly, electric vehicle prices are more expensive because of the high cost of the technology. Secondly, the relatively shorter range between charges makes it difficult for those who regularly travel long distances. However, the technology is rapidly catching up and ranges are getting better, charging is getting faster and there are more and more charging stations all the time.






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